Leave No Trace: 7 Principles for Protecting Our Natural Wonders

Leave No Trace: 7 Principles for Protecting Our Natural Wonders

The Seven Principles of Leave No Trace:
  • Principle 1: Plan ahead and prepare
  • Principle 2: Travel and camp on tough surfaces.
  • Principle 3: Dispose of waste properly
  • Principle 4: Leave what you find
  • Principle 5: Minimize campfire impact
  • Principle 6: Respect wildlife
  • Principle 7: Be considerate of other visitors


Nature is one of our most precious gifts; it's a source of wonder, inspiration, and renewal. As the world becomes more accessible and the population continues to grow, the need to protect our natural wonders has never been more critical. We can all do our part by following the "Leave No Trace" principles. The Leave No Trace Centre for Outdoor Ethics created these outdoor ethics guidelines to promote and inspire responsible outdoor recreation.

The Seven Principles of Leave No Trace:

Principle 1: Plan ahead and prepare

Before you head out, planning and preparing for your trip is essential. This means researching the area you will be visiting, checking the weather forecast, and learning about special considerations, such as permitting requirements or seasonal closures. It also means packing everything you need, such as appropriate clothing, food, and shelter, and leaving any unnecessary items home. By planning ahead, you can ensure that you have a safe and enjoyable trip and know the best ways to minimize your environmental impact.

Principle 2: Travel and tent on tough surfaces

Nature is fragile, and it's important to stay on designated trails and camp in designated areas to help minimize the impact on the natural surroundings. When you're on a hike, stick to the tracks, and when you camp, stay in established campsites. This helps prevent damage to vegetation and erosion and ensures that everyone can enjoy the area's natural beauty. Following this principle will also prevent overcrowding, giving you a more authentic and peaceful experience.

Principle 3: Dispose of waste properly

Properly disposing of waste means not leaving any trash behind, properly managing human waste, and washing dishes with biodegradable soap and cold water away from lakes and streams. This keeps the wilderness clean and helps protect the health of wildlife and plants. It's also important to recycle and pack out all trash, leftover food, and litter to ensure we leave the environment in the same condition or better than we found it.

Principle 4: Leave what you find

Leave natural and cultural features as you find them; this means not picking flowers, collecting rocks or shells, building cairns, or cutting down trees or bushes. By leaving the natural environment unchanged, we can preserve the natural beauty of these areas for future generations to enjoy. Take pictures and make memories of the natural and cultural features you discover, but leave them for others to discover and enjoy.

Principle 5: Minimize campfire impact

Campfires can have a significant impact on the environment. By minimizing campfire impact, we can help reduce damage to vegetation and prevent forest fires. The best way to minimize campfire impact is by using a backpacking stove for cooking and by following fire regulations and restrictions. If you make a campfire, use established fire rings or pans, burn only small sticks and twigs from the ground, and burn only small fires. When you're done, ensure the fire is out, and scatter any remaining ashes.

Principle 6: Respect wildlife

Wildlife is an essential part of the natural environment, and we should respect their presence by observing them from a distance and not approaching or feeding them. When you're in the wilderness, it's essential to give wildlife space, not disturb their habitat, and not collect or disturb their eggs or babies. By respecting wildlife, we can help protect them and their habitats and ensure that future generations will have the opportunity to experience these amazing creatures.

Principle 7: Be considerate of other visitors

Being considerate of other visitors is essential to ensuring everyone has a positive outdoor experience. This means following trail etiquette, such as yielding to other hikers, keeping noise levels low, and respecting other people's privacy. This also means following the rules of the wilderness, such as not damaging natural features, not playing loud music, and not making too much noise. Following these principles can help create a peaceful and enjoyable environment for all visitors.


We can all help to protect and preserve our natural wonders for future generations by following the Leave No Trace principles. These principles are easy to follow but require extra care and thought. It is important to remember that every small action you take, such as properly disposing of waste, staying on designated trails, and respecting wildlife, can have a significant environmental impact. Let's all work together to protect the wild places we love by following Leave No Trace and inspiring others to do the same. It's time to "Leave No Trace But Leave a Legacy," preserving nature for our future generations to enjoy.

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